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3rd International Conference on Electrochemistry, will be organized around the theme “Unleashing various aspects and recent advancements in Electrochemistry ”

ElectroChemistry 2017 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in ElectroChemistry 2017

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Electrochemistry is the branch of chemistry that compromise with the relations between electrical and chemical phenomena. Electrochemistry binds with Electrolytic processes the Reactions in which chemical changes occur on the passage of an electrical current, Galvanic or Voltaic processes a chemical reaction that result in the production of electrical energy. Electrochemical cell often consists of   two electronic conductors called as electrodes and an ionic conductor called as electrolyte. The Leclanche cell is a battery the battery contained a conducting solution (electrolyte) of ammonium chloride, a cathode (positive terminal) of carbon, a depolarizer of manganese dioxide, and an anode (negative terminal) of zinc. The chemistry of this cell was posterior successfully adapted to manufacture a dry cell. Alkaline cell are a type of primary battery reliant upon the reaction between zinc and manganese oxide. Electrolysis is a procedure that uses a direct electric current. Electrolysis is commercially important as a step in the separation of elements from consistently occurring sources such as metals using an electrolytic cell. The voltage that is necessary for electrolysis to occur is called the decomposition potential. 

  • Track 1-1Electrochemical Series
  • Track 1-2Electrolysis
  • Track 1-3voltaic cells
  • Track 1-4Alkaline cells
  • Track 1-5Secondary cells: the lead-acid battery
  • Track 1-6Leclanche dry cell
  • Track 1-7Daniell cell
  • Track 1-8Galvanic cells
  • Track 1-9Electrolytic cells
  • Track 1-10Electrochemistry lab systems

Computational Electrochemistry is the advancement of mathematical models for the chemical and physical processes in batteries and fuel cells with the mechanism to investigate them with the help of computer simulations and mathematical study. Faradays law is a law stating that the extent of any substance deposited or liberated during electrolysis is proportional to the quantity of electric charge passed and to the comparable density of the substance. A thermodynamic portion equal to the enthalpy (of a structure or process) minus the product of the entropy and the outright temperature is called as Gibbs free energy. In electrochemistry, the Nernst equation is an equation that discloses the reduction potential of a half-cell (or the full voltage, i.e. the electromotive force, of the full cell) at any fleck in time to the standard electrode potential, temperature, action, and reaction quotient of the underlying reactions. Electrical conductivity is the amplification of a material's ability to allow the transport of an electric charge. Electrochemical synthesis in chemistry is the organization of chemical compounds in an electrochemical cell. The main advantage of electro synthesis over an ordinary redox reaction is evasion of the potential wasteful other half-reaction and the ability to precisely tune the required potential. 

  • Track 2-1Nernst Equation
  • Track 2-2Redox Reaction
  • Track 2-3Electromotive Force
  • Track 2-4Gibbs free energy
  • Track 2-5Electrochemical synthesis
  • Track 2-6Electrode reaction mechanisms
  • Track 2-7Processes on Electrodes
  • Track 2-8Electrical conductivity
  • Track 2-9Faradays law

Electroanalytical methods are a class of facility in analytical chemistry, which study an analyte by calibrating the potential (volts) and/or power (amperes) in an electrochemical cell containing the analyte. The three main divisions are potentiometry (the difference in electrode potentials is calibrated), coulometry (the cell's current is measured over time), and voltammetry (the cell's current is measured while strongly altering the cell's potential). A sensor is equipment that detects and reacts to some type of input from the physical environment. A biosensor is an analytical apparature, used for the exposure of an analyte that combines a biological compound with a physicochemical detector. The sensitive biological components e.g. tissue, microorganisms, organelles, cell receptors, enzymes, antibodies, nucleic acids, etc. is a biologically borrowed material or biomimetic component that interacts binds or recognizes) with the analyte under study. The conductometric transducer is a miniature two-electrode device designed to calibrate the conductivity of the thin electrolyte layer adjacent to the electrode surface.

  • Track 3-1Sensors
  • Track 3-2Electroanalytical Sensor Technology
  • Track 3-3Electrochemical sensing principles
  • Track 3-4Potentiometric Sensors
  • Track 3-5Voltammetric Sensors
  • Track 3-6Conductimetric and Impedimetric Sensors
  • Track 3-7Biosensors
  • Track 3-8Sensor Science
  • Track 3-9Electrochemistry instrumental analysis

The most important function of electrochemistry is the storage and conversion of energy.  Galvanic cell converts chemical energy to work; equivalently, an electrolytic cell converts electrical work into chemical free energy. Appliances that carry out these conversions are known as batteries. In ordinary batteries the chemical elements are contained within the device itself. If the reactants are endowed from an external source as they are consumed, the device is called a fuel cell. A secondary battery is able of being recharged; its electrode reactions can proceed in either direction. At the time of charging, electrical work is done on the cell to provide the free energy needed to force the reaction in the non-spontaneous direction. A primary battery, as exemplified by a normal flashlight battery which cannot be recharged with any efficiency, so the bulk of energy it can deliver is limited to that obtainable from the reactants that were placed in it at the time of production. Lithium batteries are the batteries that have lithium as an anode. They stand apart from other batteries in their high charge quantity (long life) and high cost per unit. Depending on the design and chemical compounds used, lithium cells can generate voltages from 1.5 V comparable to a zinc–carbon or alkaline battery to about 3.7 V. A flow battery, or redox flow battery is a type of rechargeable battery where rechargeability is provided by two chemical elements dissolved in liquids contained within the system and separated by a membrane

  • Track 4-1Fuel cells
  • Track 4-2Primary and secondary batteries
  • Track 4-3Lithium Batteries
  • Track 4-4Microbial fuel cells
  • Track 4-5Direct carbon fuel cells 
  • Track 4-6Rechargeable metal-air batteries
  • Track 4-7Flow batteries

Bio-electrochemistry is a chapter of electrochemistry and biophysical chemistry concerned with electrophysiological subjects like cell electron-proton transport, cell membrane potentials and electrode reactions of redox enzymes. Biochip is a microchip designed or contracted to function in a biological environment, mainly inside a living organism. Bioassay is a calibration of the concentration or potency of a substance by its effect on living cells or tissues. A biosensor is analytical equipment, used for the detection of an analyte that combines a biological element with a physicochemical detector.  Electroporation is the action or process of introducing DNA or chromosomes into bacteria or other cells using a pulse of current to open the pores in the cell membranes briefly.  A microbial fuel cell or biological fuel cell is a bio-electrochemical system that drives a current by using bacteria and mimicking bacterial interactions found in nature. 

  • Track 5-1Protein Electrochemistry
  • Track 5-2Electroporation and biomedical applications
  • Track 5-3Bioassays, Biochips, Biosensors
  • Track 5-4Electrochemistry at cells and Tissues
  • Track 5-5Enzymatic and Microbial Biofuel cells

Electrochemical surface science means the hunt for a truly microscopic understanding of electrochemical reactions and hence, the location where it happens is the solid/liquid interface. It is described how electrochemists endorse strategies and techniques to develop an atomistic view of electrode surfaces essentially metals and of simple reactions occurring. Surface chemistry is the chapter of chemistry concerned with the processes occurring at interfaces between phases, especially that between liquid and gas. A biointerface is the field of contact between a biomolecule cells, biological tissue, living organism or organic material considered living with another biomaterial or inorganic/organic material. A semiconductor is a material, usually a solid chemical element or compound that can conduct electricity under some situations but not others, making it a good medium for the control of electrical current.

  • Track 6-1Structural, Eletrolytic, Catalytic and Electrochemical properties
  • Track 6-2Surface chemistry
  • Track 6-3Surface nanotechnology and devices
  • Track 6-4Semiconductors - surface and interface
  • Track 6-5Functional surfaces and coatings
  • Track 6-6Biointerfaces
  • Track 6-7Properties of interfaces
  • Track 6-8Electrochemistry at surfaces and corrosion 

Battery is an element consisting of one or more cells, in which chemical energy is converted into electricity and used as a cause of power. Batteries are operated by converting chemical energy into electrical energy through electrochemical discharge reactions. Batteries are grated in terms of their nominal voltage and ampere-hour capacity. An electrolyser is a piece of scientific device that splits polarised molecules into its ions. A lithium-ion battery (sometimes Li-ion battery or LIB) is a member of a group of rechargeable battery types in which lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode at the time of discharge and back when charging. Electrode potential, in electrochemistry, is the electromotive force of a cell made of two electrodes: on the left-hand side is the standard hydrogen electrode, and. on the right-hand side is the electrode the potential of which is being defined

  • Track 7-1Batteries the future
  • Track 7-2Common Batteries
  • Track 7-3Fuel Cells, Electrolysers, and Energy Conversion
  • Track 7-4Sensors
  • Track 7-5Dielectric Science and Materials
  • Track 7-6Li-Ion Batteries
  • Track 7-7Electrode cell potential

Use of electrical current over a reaction to activate organic molecules through the addition or removal of electrons is called as Organic Electrochemistry. Electrochemistry is employed both as an analytical instrumental technique and as a process of inducing changes in the structure and reactivity of organometallic complexes. Organometallic compounds are defined as components that contain metal - carbon bonds. The term metal includes all alkali and alkaline earth metals. Organic photoelectrochemistry focuses on those transformations which involve carbon-based functional group conversions. Electrode is a conductor through which electricity arrives or leaves an object, substance, or region. A chemically modified electrode is an electrical conductor material that has the ability to transfer electricity that has its surface modified for different electrochemical functions.

  • Track 8-1Electrochemistry of Transition Metal Organometallic Compounds
  • Track 8-2Electrochemical Applications in Organic Chemistry
  • Track 8-3Organic Photoelectrochemistry
  • Track 8-4Electrodes
  • Track 8-5Modified Electrodes
  • Track 8-6Structural Effects in Organic Electrochemistry
  • Track 8-7synthetic organic electrochemistry

Corrosion is a natural process, which changes a refined metal to a more stable form, such as its oxide, hydroxide, or sulphide. It is the gradual loss of materials usually metals by chemical and/or electrochemical reaction with their environment. An electrode of metal corroding in aqueous solution has an electrode potential, which is known as the corrosion potential. Corrosion engineering, science and technology is the course of the interaction of materials with the environment in which they are used. Corrosion requires a comprehensive multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary outlook with core knowledge from the sectors of metallurgy/- materials science together with electrochemistry/surface science. Selection of the right material of construction, Surface coating, Inhibitors, Proper equipment design, Electrical protection can protect the metals from corrosion. 

  • Track 9-1Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Corrosion Processes
  • Track 9-2Electrodeposition
  • Track 9-3Corrosion of iron & steel
  • Track 9-4Corrosion control
  • Track 9-5Corrosion chemistry

An electrocatalyst is a catalyst that performs in electrochemical reactions. Catalyst materials modify and increase the rate of chemical reactions without being devour in the process. Electrocatalysts are a specific pattern of catalysts that operate at electrode surfaces or may be the electrode surface itself.  Molten salt is a salt which is solid at standard temperature and pressure (STP) but arrives the liquid phase due to elevated temperature. A salt that is normally liquid even at STP is regularly called a room temperature ionic liquid, although technically molten salts are a class of ionic liquids. An ionic liquid is a salt in which the ions are slowly coordinated, which results in these solvents being liquid below 100°C, or even at room temperature. Photocatalysis is the accumulation of a photoreaction in the presence of a catalyst. In catalysed photolysis, light is consumed by an adsorbed substrate. Photoelectrochemical cells or PECs are solar cells that generate electrical energy or hydrogen in a process similar to the electrolysis of water. The electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) is a phantasm that a light emission arises from the high energy electron transfer reaction betwixt electrogenerated species, which is usually accompanied with the reclamation of emitting species.

  • Track 10-1Electrocatalysis
  • Track 10-2Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids
  • Track 10-3Electrode Processes
  • Track 10-4Photocatalysts, Photoelectrochemical Cells, and Solar Fuels
  • Track 10-5Recent Progress in Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence (ECL)
  • Track 10-6Recent Trends in Electrochemistry
  • Track 10-7Photoelectrochemistry
  • Track 10-8Solid state electrochemistry

Electrochemistry has a number of disparate uses, particularly in industry. The principles of cells are used to compose electrical batteries. A fuel cell converts the chemical potential energy produced by the oxidation of fuels (e.g. hydrogen gas, hydrocarbons, alcohols) into electrical energy. Electrolytic cell can be used for electroplating. One of the most distinct applications of electrochemistry is batteries. Another application and also the most important Electrochemistry are highly used nowadays due to high demand for electronic appliances like laptops, mobile phone, mp3 players. Batteries highly used in digital watches and digital cameras. Batteries are largely used in electric cars. Purification of metals can also be performed by electrolysis. Electrochemistry finds a broad range of application in analysis. Instrumental measurement of PH is based on measure of electrode potential in a galvanic cell where one of the electrode is sensitive to PH.  Other examples are electrooxidation, electrodeposition, electrocoagulation electrodialysis.

  • Track 11-1Torches
  • Track 11-2Electrical appliances
  • Track 11-3Digital cameras
  • Track 11-4Digital watches
  • Track 11-5Military applications
  • Track 11-6Hearing aids

Electroplating is the operation of a metal coating to a metallic or other conducting surface by an electrochemical process. The phrase is also used for electrical oxidation of anions onto a solid substrate. Electroplating is chiefly used to convert the surface properties of an object e.g. abrasion and wear resistance, corrosion protection, lubricity, aesthetic qualities, etc., but may also be applied to build up thickness on undersized parts or to form objects by electroforming. Electrodeposition is the function of metallic coatings to metallic or other conductive surfaces by electrochemical processes. A coating is a covering that is applied to the surface of an object; usually indicate to as the substrate. The aspiration of applying the coating may be decorative, functional, or both. The coating itself may be an all-over coating, fully covering the substrate, or it may only cover parts of the substrate pulse-electroplating can be commonly defined as metal deposition of pulsed electrolysis. Brush-electroplating, also known as selective plating or spot-plating is a technique which makes it available to deposit metals and/or alloy's on conducting materials. Hot-dip galvanization is a form of galvanization. It is the action of coating iron and steel with a layer of zinc by immersing the metal in a bath of molten zinc at a temperature of around 840 °F (449 °C).Galvanized steel is widely used in applications where corrosion resistance is desired without the cost of stainless steel, and can be identified by the crystallization patterning on the surface often called a "spangle". Conversion coatings are coatings for metals where the part surface is converted into the coating with a chemical or electro-chemical process. Examples include chromate conversion coatings, phosphate conversion coatings, bluing, black oxide coatings on steel, and anodizing.

  • Track 12-1Electrochemical/Electroless Deposition
  • Track 12-2Pulse electroplating
  • Track 12-3Brush electroplating
  • Track 12-4Hot-Dip Coatings
  • Track 12-5Conversion Coatings
  • Track 12-6Paint Coatings for Metals
  • Track 12-7Protective Coatings

Bio-electrochemistry is a chapter of electrochemistry and biophysical chemistry concerned with electrophysiological subjects like cell electron-proton transport, cell membrane potentials and electrode reactions of redox enzymes. The Organic and Bioelectrochemistry (OBE) covers all aspects relevant to the electrochemical properties and behaviour of organic and biological species. Specific fields include synthetic and mechanistic electrochemistry, including direct anodic and cathodic reactions as well as catalytic methods and paired electrosyntheses. Electrochemistry in organic and biological media organometallic electrochemistry and the role of metals in organic and biological electrode processes altered electrodes asymmetric organic electrosynthesis; new electrode materials for organic and biological electrosynthesis like biological nanowires and molecular wires; electronically-conducting polymers; fundamental aspects of biomolecular redox behaviour of proteins and enzymes; enzymatic and microbial reactions; bioelectrocatalysis electron transfer across bridges separating electrodes and dispersible or anchored species; intramolecular dissociative and nondissociative electron transfer; and computational examination of the mechanisms of organic and biological electron-transfer processes. Molecular electrochemistry is a sector where the consequences of a current flow through molecules is analysed.

  • Track 13-1Bioengineering Based on Electrochemistry
  • Track 13-2Recent Advances in the Application of Electrochemistry to Problems in Organic chemistry and biology 
  • Track 13-3Molecular electrochemistry
  • Track 13-4Synthetic Electrochemistry

Electrochemical engineering is the chapter of engineering dealing with the technological applications of electrochemical phenomena such as amalgam of chemicals, electrowinning and refining of metals, batteries and fuel cells, sensors, surface alteration by electrodeposition and etching, separations, and corrosion. It is an overlay between electrical engineering and chemical engineering. The elementary objective of an electrochemical engineer is to bring chemical process to practical realization and to operate them under optimal and economic conditions. Impedance indicates to the frequency dependant resistance to current movement of a circuit element resistor, capacitor, inductor, etc. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is a novel tool in corrosion and solid state laboratories that is slowly making its move into the service environment as units are dropped off in size and become portable. Impedance Spectroscopy is also called AC Impedance or just Impedance Spectroscopy. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is advantageous on high resistance materials such as paints and coatings. Spectroelectrochemistry (SEC) is anticipated at the investigation of electrochemical reaction mechanism and the interface structure betwixt electrolyte solution and electrode.  Spectroelectrochemical cell kit uses platinum or gold mesh electrode as a working electrode. 

  • Track 14-1Industrial Electrochemistry
  • Track 14-2Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
  • Track 14-3Contemporary Issues and Case Studies in Electrochemical Innovation
  • Track 14-4Membrane-based Electrochemical Separations
  • Track 14-5Spectroelectrochemistry and sonoelectrochemistry

carbon–carbon bond is a covalent bond betwixt two carbon atoms. The most common form is the single bond: a bond composed of two electrons, one from individual of the two atoms. The carbon–carbon single bond is a sigma bond and is composed between one hybridized orbital from each of the carbon atoms. Fullerene is a pattern of carbon having a large spheroidal molecule consisting of a hollow cage of sixty or more atoms, of which buckminsterfullerene was the first known example. Fullerenes are formed chiefly by the action of an arc discharge between carbon electrodes in an inert atmosphere. A carbon nanotube is a tube-shaped substantial, made of carbon, having a diameter measuring on the nanometre scale. A nanometre is one-billionth of a meter, or about 10,000 times lesser than a human hair. CNT are unique because the bonding between the atoms is very strong and the tubes can have intense aspect ratios. Carbon Nanoparticles are about 10nm in size and amorphous. Optical spectroscopy of carbon nanoparticles gives data about the band structure. Carbon nanoparticles are being explored widely for use in cancer treatment. Carbon nanoparticles have also been applied to develop high-capacity lithium sulphur batteries. The use of a sulphur-nanocarbon electrode grants the battery call to leverage the high lithium storage capacity of sulphur atoms, whilst maintaining high electron mobility through the carbon nanoparticle matrix.

  • Track 15-1Carbon bonding
  • Track 15-2Fullerene
  • Track 15-3Fullerene chemistry
  • Track 15-4Carbon nanotubes
  • Track 15-5Carbon nanolayers
  • Track 15-6Carbon nanoparticles
  • Track 15-7Laser Ablation

A potentiostat is a device that controls the potential between a pair of electrodes while measuring the resulting current flow. In electrochemistry, potentiostat are used for fundamental studies of electrode processes, analytical chemistry, battery research, the synthesis of chemicals, and corrosion research. A potentiostat requires an electrochemical cell with three electrodes. The working Electrode is the electrode where the potential is controlled and where the current is measured. Reference Electrode is used to measure the Working Electrode potential. The Counter, or Auxiliary, Electrode is a conductor that completes the cell circuit. Some potentiostats can be operated as galvanostats. In this case the current flow is controlled while the potential is monitored. Biopotentiostat system features a reference and auxiliary electrode, and two working electrodes, whose potentials can be independently adjusted while the current flowing through them is monitored. potentiostats are often used in 'electrochemical nose' systems.  

  • Track 16-1Working Electrode
  • Track 16-2Reference Electrode
  • Track 16-3Counter (Auxiliary) Electrode
  • Track 16-42-electrode Potentiostats
  • Track 16-53-electrode Potentiostats
  • Track 16-64-electrode Potentiostats
  • Track 16-7Bipotentiostats
  • Track 16-8Galvanostats

Electrochemical techniques are powerful and versatile analytical techniques that offer high sensitivity, accuracy, and precision as well as large linear dynamic range, with relatively low-cost instrumentation. Voltammetry refers to a class of electroanalytical techniques, and it is used to designate the current-voltage measurement obtained at a given electrode. Coulometry is similar to electrogravimetry. Electrogravimetry is only useful for reduction processes involving the plating of a metal. Coulometry can be used in either a reduction or oxidation mode, increasing its versatility. Conductometry is a measurement of electrolytic conductivity to monitor a progress of chemical reaction. Bulk electrolysis is also known as potentiostatic coulometry or controlled potential coulometry 

  • Track 17-1Conductometry
  • Track 17-2Coulometry
  • Track 17-3Voltammetry
  • Track 17-4Chronovolammetry
  • Track 17-5Chronoconductometry
  • Track 17-6Electrogravimetry
  • Track 17-7Bulk electrolysis